May-01-14 Christie Administration Saves New Jersey Employers $1 Billion in Taxes
Unemployment Trust Fund Back in the Black
“Through sound fiscal management and our anti-fraud measures, we have brought this important safety net back into the black years before many predicted. The immediate result is the end of annual, compounding tax increases on New Jersey employers, who we are relying upon to improve our economy and to create jobs for the Garden State,” said Harold J. Wirths, Commissioner of the Department of Labor and Workforce Development.
New Jersey’s Unemployment Insurance Trust Fund plunged into deficit in March 2009 after $4.6 billion in diversions over two decades, multiple tax table adjustments and a severe recession that forced the state to borrow federal funds to make benefit payments to large numbers of unemployed workers. The deficit triggered both state and federal laws designed to replenish the fund by severely increasing taxes on employers.
Anti-fraud measures and reforms undertaken by the Christie Administration rapidly improved the Trust Fund and moved it into a positive balance for the first time last year, eliminating a $213 million federal tax hike that New Jersey employers were facing in January under the Federal Unemployment Insurance Tax Act (FUTA). Today, the Trust Fund has moved into full solvency with a positive balance of more than $510 million, triggering annual, incremental tax rate reductions for employers projected to amount to at least $1 billion over five years.
The Trust Fund is financed largely by employer taxes, and the $1 billion reduction is linked to a tax scale created under state law that raises or lowers the rate employers must pay depending on the health of the Trust Fund. The new tax break is in addition to nearly $1 billion in state tax hikes already averted by New Jersey businesses since Governor Christie took office and signed bipartisan legislation to scale back the extent of Trust Fund tax increases triggered under New Jersey laws.
“The bi-partisan legislation lessened the tax bite that state law would have imposed on our employers during the recession,” said Commissioner Wirths. “The employers still had to pay a bit more in taxes each year, under law, but the hikes were smaller and gradual. By bringing the fund into solvency today, we have stopped additional hikes in state and federal taxes, and we are now able to scale back employer taxes.”
The Christie Administration acted on several reforms since 2010 to protect and improve the Trust Fund, including:
- Approximately $440 million has been saved in the Trust Fund since anti-fraud measures were put into place, beginning in 2011, by the Department of Labor and Workforce Development.
- The first measure, the simple process of cross-checking Unemployment Insurance roles against the National Directory of New Hires to determine if claimants returned to work, has resulted in the bulk of the savings.
- Other major anti-fraud measures imposed included software installed to detect claims being illegally filed from foreign Internet Protocol or IP addresses and the Identity Verification checking that requires people filing Unemployment Insurance claims to answer questions to verify their identity.
Federal Treasury Offset Program or “TOPS”
- Recovered nearly $47 million since the program was implemented in June 2013
- Through TOPS, the Department of Labor has offset unemployment insurance payments that were illegally collected by individuals by seizing refunds and deductions the individuals were due on their annual federal income tax.
- The system is expected to net the fund another $30 million through 2015.
Cross-Match Against County Inmates
- $1.7 million has been saved since April 2013, when the Labor Department was able to augment its cross-checking against state prisoners collecting unemployment benefits to include a cross-check against inmates in county lock-ups.
- Moving from paper checks to debit cards and direct deposit for Unemployment Insurance payments, as well as Temporary Disability and Family Leave Insurance payments, helped to reduce fraud. While the savings due to prevented fraud cannot be fully measured, the state has saved $8 million annually in administrative costs by not using paper and postage.
- Between 1993 and 2006, taxes that were supposed to be paid into the Trust Fund were diverted toward other state projects and expenses, leaving the coffers low when the recession hit
- Bipartisan legislation, endorsed by Governor Christie, placed a measure on the November 2010 ballot that was resoundingly adopted by New Jersey voters to stop diversions from the Trust Fund.
Fiscal Year 2015
New Jersey Senate Budget and Appropriations Committee, Budget Testimony
Harold J. Wirths, Commissioner
New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development
May 1, 2014
Hello Chairman Sarlo, Vice-Chairman Stack and honored members of the Committee
Thank you for this opportunity to discuss Governor Christie’s 2015 budget request for the Department of Labor and Workforce Development.
Before I outline a few of the many achievements made by the hardworking people in my department, allow me to introduce some of the executive staff members sitting at the table with me today.
· Deputy Commissioner Aaron Fichtner
· Chief Financial Officer Joe Latoof
· And Assistant Commissioner of Income Security Ronald Marino
Seated behind me are other members of my senior staff, all of whom contribute each day to the yeoman’s task of maintaining a smooth operation of the Department of Labor’s many services, while helping the administration achieve the ambitious goals we have committed ourselves to reach.
During past appearances before this committee, I discussed the many steps we took to streamline operations and to protect, as well as save, tax dollars while continuing the important work of helping people who have become unemployed or under-employed to restart their careers.
Allow me to update you today on the status of the New Jersey Unemployment Trust Fund.
Back in 2009, the fund was declared broke. This very important safety net was rendered insolvent by two decades of diversions totaling $4.6 billion, along with a severe economic recession and high unemployment levels requiring continued benefit payments.
When I first appeared before this committee in 2010, the Trust Fund had a $1.7 billion deficit. By April 2011, the deficit had reached a peak of $2.1 billion.
Today, I am proud to announce that the Unemployment Insurance Trust Fund is fully solvent, two years ahead of most forecasts, and there is no outstanding federal loan. As of this morning, we are $511 million in the black and we will remain in the black.
We have reached this historic point as a direct result of our careful and deliberate steps to protect and improve the financial management of the Fund. The immediate result of our work was realized in January, as we spared New Jersey employers, who are at the core of the Garden State’s economic health, a $213 million federal tax hike.
Federal tax assessments, required to replenish the Fund under the Federal Unemployment Tax Act or FUTA, had been increasing and compounding annually on New Jersey employers since the fund became insolvent five years ago.
By eliminating the deficit, we brought the fund back into the black last year in time to prompt a reset of the annual FUTA tax assessment to basic levels for Garden State businesses. Because we have returned the Trust Fund to full and consistent solvency, New Jersey employers also will be spared FUTA tax hikes in coming years.
New Jersey employers also will be spared a Federal Loan Interest Assessment or FLINT tax this year and in coming years. Because the deficit forced New Jersey to borrow from the federal government to pay our unemployment benefits, our businesses also shouldered paying off $109 million in interest costs.
The importance of bringing the Fund into solvency cannot be overstated.
The deficit placed severe and increasing tax burdens on the very people we are relying upon to improve our state economy _ New Jersey’s business community. Eliminating the FUTA and FLINT tax burdens, a total of $322 million in taxes, increases the potential for employers to invest in growth and create new Garden State jobs.
Today I am also pleased to announce that New Jersey employers will realize a $1 billion reduction in their taxes over the next five years as the Trust Fund solvency triggers incremental tax rate reductions, returning most businesses to a basic rate.
This turnaround was not accomplished by happenstance. Solvency is the result of key reforms undertaken by the Christie Administration that bolstered the fund’s integrity and saved more than $600 million.
· More than $440 million was saved due to anti-fraud programs my department put into motion, initiatives the U.S. Department of Labor has repeatedly recognized as leading the nation.
· Another $171 million was saved through toughening the restrictions on people collecting unemployment benefits after being fired for misconduct. Misconduct reform was accomplished with the approval and cooperation of the Legislature, and we thank you for that.
Let me be clear, the Trust Fund is constantly under attack. Every day people try to illegally divert money, and we are stopping them by undoing decades of neglect.
I realized the extent of the problem when I first arrived in Trenton and found that fraudsters had bilked the fund of nearly $2 million in just one criminal scheme. To date, 26 of those criminals have been prosecuted and others are still being pursued.
This safety net was established for one purpose – to assist the hard working people in our state who, through no fault of their own, lose their jobs and need support while getting back on their feet. The first precaution we implemented was the simplest measure we put into place, and it remains the most effective.
The bulk of the $440 million saved through our anti-fraud efforts is the result of cross-checking the Unemployment Insurance rolls against the National Directory of New Hires to determine if claimants have returned to work. We still catch about 1,600 claims each week that are filed by people trying to grab a little more money from the Fund by filing claims even after they have returned to work.
Other major anti-fraud measures we adopted include:
· Software we installed to detect claims being illegally filed from foreign IP addresses
· Identity Verification checking that requires people filing Unemployment Insurance claims to answer questions to verify their identity
All of our anti-fraud programs are designed to prevent tax dollars from improperly leaving the Trust Fund. Until recently, it was nearly impossible to recover the money once it went out the door. But we are now tracking down many of those who defeated the system.
Last year, we joined the Federal Treasury Offset Program or “TOPS” to recoup improperly collected unemployment insurance payments by seizing refunds and credits the individuals are due on their annual federal income tax.
I am proud to announce today that we have collected nearly $47 million through TOPS in less than one year of operation. The U.S. Department of Labor has advised us that this is the highest one-year recovery amount of any of the 37 states enrolled in the program.
We also are going after employers who owe back taxes. In March, we collected nearly $6 million through garnishments against employers with state contracts. Make no mistake we’re going after anyone who owes money to the Trust Fund.
We are committed to protecting this important safety net for New Jersey workers. It also is important for us to help people who are relying on the Trust Fund to return to work quickly, and my Department continues to pursue cutting edge programs designed to assist all unemployed and under-employed people in New Jersey, including those with disabilities or people on public assistance. We are focused on re-employing people, expanding economic opportunities and realigning our workforce development, where necessary, as we increasingly work with New Jersey employers to understand where the job opportunities exist.
National studies show the longer someone remains unemployed, the tougher it becomes for them to get back to work. Paramount is getting people to immediately ignite their job search when they are separated from employment, as is focusing them on developing the skills our employers tell us are needed to be hired.
Let me briefly outline just a few of our front-line efforts:
Jersey Job Clubs, an innovative program that received notice at the White House Forum on Job Clubs and Career Ministries in Washington, D.C. in 2012, has served more than 61,000 job-seekers in less than two years. Designed to offer people access to the most current job search information, tools and resources, the clubs are located in 23 of our One-Stop Career Centers, showing people how to aggressively find a new job.
There also is Jobs4Jersey.com, which my department launched in 2011 as an on-line portal to all services offered to re-employ job-seekers in New Jersey. It remains an easy-to-use and active website designed to connect job-seekers with employers by serving both communities.
Most importantly, Jobs4Jersey.com contains On-Ramp, a state-of-the-art search-engine that matches job-seekers with employers by scanning and comparing skills, not former job titles. For employers, Jobs4Jersey.com is a human resources department, allowing businesses to find people with the exact skills they want by basing talent searches on a list of specific abilities and ranking responses. On-Ramp takes the work out of the recruitment process for small companies.
Today, more than 11,000 employers and 300,000 job-seekers are registered with Jobs4Jersey.com, and the site showcases about 200,000 job openings each week.
We also continue to reform and improve our grant programs. As I have said before, we do not want to train people for jobs that no longer exist. We are fully focused on the major industry clusters driving New Jersey’s economic future and the skills those industries are identifying as necessary for any job-seeker to become employed. We also continue to focus our incumbent worker training programs on those clusters, improving the marketability of workers while boosting the productivity of companies who then can hire more people.
Our Skills4Jersey program, which used to be known as our customized training grants, awarded $18,428,768 in Fiscal Year 2013 to help employers train 68,518 workers. Of that amount, $6.4 million was bestowed on manufacturing companies, supporting a targeted industry that remains important to New Jersey’s future. So far, in Fiscal Year 2014, we have obligated $10,128,904 to train 30,217 workers, and we estimate $5.5 million will be added to the effort.
Opportunity4Jersey is a targeted-training program that continues to evolve as we gather data from employers about their hiring needs. It has been very successful, and demonstrates the effectiveness of skills-focused approaches to unemployment.
In Fiscal Year 2013 we issued about $1.8 million in grants, with nearly 400 trainees getting into the training programs. In Fiscal Year 2014 we obligated about $3.3 million to train 657 candidates. These funds have gone toward group trainings where specific skills were identified by employers, the industry helped to design a course of instruction and community colleges conducted the training.
The formula works. We have had significant success in placing graduates from these programs into jobs.
In Union County, for example, I had the pleasure of visiting graduates of our metal fabrication training program who had been hired by a small manufacturing company. They had been on the job for several weeks, beaming with pride. They shook our hands and thanked us for the opportunity we gave them.
I tried to explain that they created their own opportunity by pursuing the training and sticking with the program. But they couldn’t express enough gratitude about landing jobs – good jobs. And during that discussion, I found out one of them had done so well that he had already been promoted to supervisor.
We gave these people the skills that employers needed to find to hire them.
What we need to do is to create more partnerships with many more employers to expand this approach. It requires continued and expanding efforts by everyone involved in workforce development, including our educational institutions.
Toward that end, I joined Lt. Governor Kim Guadagno in touring our Career and Technical Schools recently to witness some of our private-public collaborations and investigate how we can improve what we call our “workforce alignment efforts.” In short, we want to ensure young people entering the workforce, as well as everyone else seeking employment in New Jersey, are being given the opportunity to learn the skills that Garden State employers tell us are needed.
We found some impressive collaborations, such as BMW working with the Bergen County Technical High School and, at the Union County Academy for Information Technology, a collaboration with Novo Nordisk and the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT). But we also learned that other schools are lacking employer involvement, and we need to bridge those gaps.
This month, my department will move forward with a career awareness campaign to educate students, as well as our long-term unemployed and other job-seekers, about the occupations and credentials that are in demand. We also plan to explore additional innovative training programs this year.
We are not guessing. We have people on staff, constantly analyzing employment trend data and industry clusters that are driving New Jersey’s economic future to determine the prospects for meaningful careers within the Garden State. We are simultaneously engaged with employers, recruiting more of them to help us identify the skills our workers need to be marketable and our businesses to be competitive in an ever-changing world economy.
It is around these industry clusters that we have built our Talent Networks because these industry clusters employ more than two-thirds of our workers and pay more than two-thirds of the wages received in New Jersey. It will be within these clusters that we will find employment for generations to come.
At this time, I’d like to again thank the Committee for this opportunity to talk about the Department.
I would be happy to answer any questions the Committee has for me.
Labor Commissioner Harold J. Wirths, surrounded by staff at the Statehouse in Trenton,
testified before the Senate Budget and Appropriations Committee today that the New Jersey
Unemployment Insurance Trust Fund is fully solvent, which will trigger a $1 billion tax savings
for employers over the next five years.